GASTRIC BAND (STOMACH CLAMP)
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GASTRİC BAND - WHAT IS GASTRIC BAND (STOMACH CLAMP) AND HOW IS IT MADE?
Gastric band, popularly known as gastric band, is applied around the stomach and has no side effects. This band allows the stomach to be divided into 2 and contributes to the earlier development of the feeling of satiety. While individuals consume less during nutrition, there are many points to be considered after the procedure. Gastric band placed by laparoscopic method was applied for the first time in 1985. Within 15-18 months after the operation, the excess weight of the patients disappears by about 75 percent. For this reason, it is one of the successfully applied obesity surgeries today.
HOW IS THE STOMACH CLAMP SURGERY DONE?
In the operation, which is initiated by laying the patients on their backs, the feet are positioned at an angle of 30 degrees. In the operation, which is started by making an incision from the upper umbilical region, the place where the band will be attached is entered with special needles. The entrance is made with a special camera from the first area to be cut. However, before this procedure, special gas is applied to the abdomen. The purpose of giving carbon dioxide gas is to push back other internal organs and prevent them from being damaged. With the preparation phase, the gastric band is now placed on the stomach. The place where the gastric band will be inserted is the area where the stomach and esophagus intersect.
WHO CAN INSERVE GASTRIC TAP?
People who want to apply for gastric band surgery must comply with some conditions. If we list them;
Individuals without a consumption disorder
Those without gastric hernia
Those without stomach ulcers
Those who are not allergic to anesthesia
Those who do not have substance and alcohol addiction
Those who do not have any hormonal disease.
In addition, in order to have gastric band surgery, patients must be between the ages of 18-60 and in a healthy body. Body mass index should be 40 and above. In other words, this operation is an operation applied to morbidly obese patients.
WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF THE GASTRİC BAND?
With the gastric band, the weight loss process begins quickly. Today, this practice, which is preferred by the morbidly obese as a weight loss method, is successfully completed in those with obesity and diabetes. Thanks to the special band left between the stomach and the esophagus, the stomach is divided into two different regions and food consumption is reduced. However, there are some rules that patients should pay attention to after the procedure. While the weight loss process continues in about 18 months, the patients continue to maintain a constant weight after 24 months. During this period, it is essential to start exercises and act with a healthy nutrition program.
THINGS TO KNOW AFTER GASTRİC BAND SURGERY
Although the application does not have any serious side effects, the vitamin and mineral supplements of the patients are only followed by the doctor. Patients who need to start regular exercise practices should also take their meals according to the doctor's advice. In addition, it is important that patients who need to consume regular water before and after meals are fed with protein-rich meals.
The risk of developing complications is very low in individuals who act according to these rules. However, if some individuals continue their malnutrition programs after the procedure, they may encounter conditions such as nausea, sweating, ulcers, embolism, gallbladder problems, and gastric banding. Along with these, negative side effects such as infection and sagging on the skin surface may also develop. Thanks to the gastric band surgery, which can only be performed by specialist surgeons in the hospital environment, the desired weight will be reached and a constant weight will be maintained.